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ADA

AI

AIAA

AP

ARPA

ARPANET

BBN

CCD

CMU

DARPA

DMA

DOD

DODI

ERDA

EROS

FTSC

GPS

IBM

IC

ISI

JPL

JSC

KRL

LANDSAT

LISP

LSI

MDP

MI

MIT

MM64

MM69

MOS

MPP

MSFC

MVM

MV62

n

NASA

NBS

NCR

NEEDS

NSF

OAST

OCR

ORB

OTV
POCCNET

automatic data acquisition

artificial intelligence

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics

automatic programming

Advanced Research Projects Agency

ARPA network

Bolt, Beranek, and Newman, Inc.

charged-coupled device

Carnegie-Mellon University

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Defense Mapping Agency

Department of Defense

DOD instruction

Energy Research and Development Administration

Earth resources observation satellite

fault tolerant space computer

general problem solver

International Business Machine Corporation

integrated circuit

Information Science Institute

Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech
Johnson Space Center, NASA

knowledge representation language
land resources satellite

list processor

large scale integrated

master data processor

machine intelligence

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Mariner Mars 1964

Mariner Mars 1969

metallic oxide semiconductor

massive parallel processor

Marshall Space Flight Center, NASA

Mariner Venus Mars

Mariner Venus 1962

number

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

National Bureau of Standards

National Cash Register Company

NASA end-to-end data system

National Science Foundation

Office of Aeronautics and Space Technology, NASA

optical character recognition

orbiter

orbital transfer vehicle

R&D

S/C

payload operations computing cycle network

research and development

spacecraft

SEASAT

RTOP

SMU

SRI

STDN

USGS

ocean resources satellite

research and technology objectives and plans
systems machine unit

Stanford Research Institute
space tracking data network
US Geological Survey

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4-1

4-2

4-3

B. Steps Toward Artificial Intelligence

Marvin Minsky ...

Figures

4-4

4-5

C.

4-6

Heuristic Programming: III-Structured Problems
Allen Newell

D. Artificial Intelligence

3-1

3-2 Trend of spacecraft automation

3-3

3-4

3-5

Nils J. Nilsson ...

E. The art of artificial intelligence - Themes and case studies of
knowledge engineering

Edward A. Feigenbaum

F. Remarks on the relationship between artificial intelligence and
cognitive psychology

Allen Newell ...

Trend of mission ground operations costs

Trend of cost to generate ground commands

Trend of cost per mission operation

Trend of function (decision) allocation between humans
and spacecraft

Galileo spacecraft navigates between Jupiter and Galilean
satellites in rendering

Mars surface robot will operate for 2 years and travel about 1000 km
performing experiments automatically and sending the scientific
information back to Earth....

Artist's concept of a Mars surface scientific processing and sample return
facility....

Seasat

Large space systems require robot and automation technology for
fabrication, assembly, and construction in space

Large space antennas are erected with the help of a space-based
construction platform

Construction of a space station

4-7

4-8 Complex construction facility in space with automatic beam builders, cranes, manipulators, etc., is served by the Shuttle

4-9 Space construction of large antenna systems with automated

tools, teleoperated manipulators, and free-flying robots 4-10 Automated material processors on the lunar surface are serviced by robot vehicles with raw lunar soil

5-1 Data storage technology

B-1

C-1

D-1

E-1

F-1

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