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" There must be what the patent law refers to as an "illogical step" (ie, an unjustified step) to distinguish a putative invention from that which is readily deducible from that which is already known. Humans supply the critical ingredient of "illogic"... "
Introduction to Genetic Algorithms - Page 135
by S.N. Sivanandam, S. N. Deepa - 2007 - 442 pages
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Genetic Programming III: Darwinian Invention and Problem Solving

John R. Koza, David Andre, Martin A. Keane, Forrest H. Bennett, III - Computers - 1999 - 1154 pages
...characteristics. However, logic does not govern two of the most important types of complex problem-solving processes, namely, the invention process performed...that which is readily deducible from that which is genetic classifier system rules, fixed tables of values (as in reinforcement learning), or linear chromosome...
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Evolution as Computation: DIMACS Workshop, Princeton, January 1999

Laura F. Landweber, Erik Winfree - Computers - 2002 - 333 pages
...mathematicians, the features of logic do not govern two of the most important types of complex problem-solving processes, namely the invention process performed...readily deducible from that which is already known. Humans supply the critical ingredient of "illogic" to the invention process. Interestingly, everyday...
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Genetic Programming IV: Routine Human-Competitive Machine Intelligence

John R. Koza, Martin A. Keane, Matthew J. Streeter, William Mydlowec, Guido Lanza, Jessen Yu - Computers - 2005 - 590 pages
...in nature). Moreover, neither the invention process nor the evolutionary process is deterministic. A new idea that can be logically deduced from facts...that are known in a field, is not considered to be inventive by the Patent Office. A new idea is patentable only if there is what the courts have called...
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Models: 306090 11

Emily Abruzzo - Architecture - 2007 - 246 pages
...between the designer, the object designed and the full array of objects which precede the invention. "A new idea that can be logically deduced from facts...that are known in a field, is not considered to be an invention."36 The novelty of the invention is something the designer adds to the facts: "Humans supply...
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