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that their desire to control the Bagdad Railway was a greater incentive to wage war than other motives, such as the ambition to secure the domination of the German people in the Balkans and Central Europe, is to be doubted, especially, when one recalls that in June, 1914, agreements had been initialled between Great Britain, Germany, France and Russia, which not only assured to the Germans permanent control of the Bagdad highway to the Persian Gulf, but also gave to them the lion's share of the future economic and commercial development of the central and richest portion of Asia Minor.

There is a certain looseness of terms in this volume and in other recent works on the Near East, which is probably due to the fact that earlier European writers always referred to Asia Minor and adjacent countries as the "Orient" or "East." Since the "Far East” has acquired a distinct individuality of its own, the time has now come to make a careful distinction in the different parts of the East. Writers and students of Asia and Asiatic affairs, as well as European statesmen, now recognize three chief regions on the great Eastern continent: the Near East, the Middle East, and the Far East. And it is imperative that those who wish to speak intelligently on questions relating to this part of the world should observe carefully this distinction.

The usefulness of the present work would have been improved if it had been provided with an index and a bibliography; but there are eight pages of excellent notes. An additional map, showing more clearly the strategic position of Asia Minor in relation to Europe and Asia, would have been a material asset also.


Guide to the Law and Legal Literature of Argentina, Brazil, and

Chile. By Edwin M. Borchard. Washington: Government
Printing Office. 1917. pp. 523. $1.00.

This book not merely fills one of the most pronounced gaps in English of matters relating to South America, but is also a very distinct contribution to the general literature on the subject which it treats. It is well written in a pleasant, easy style, and could be used to advantage as a text-book in our colleges, where so much instruction is now being given on Latin-America. A particularly valuable feature of the work are the statements comparing the legislation in the three republics. It is to be hoped that Dr. Borchard will, at some future time, publish a more extended treatise on this particular phase of the subject. The accounts of the legal history of each country are concise and clear. The book is well divided, and the author does not fall into the error so common to many writers on South America, of over-emphasizing one country. Two or three slight changes might be suggested. In the section on Argentine constitutional law, pages 119 to 120, while mention is made of the fact that “Sarmiento was largely influenced by Story's works," it would have rendered this reference more interesting to note the translation of Story's work on the constitution into Spanish, made by Dr. Nicolas A. Calvo in Buenos Aires in 1888. This translation has had a great influence in Argentina. Since Dr. Borchard's work was finished, a new compilation of Argentine legislation is now being made by Dr. David Pena. Two very minor errors are: Copiaco instead of Copiapo (page 428), and that the statement that Roque Saenz Pena was twice President of Argentina (pages 46 and 182).



(For table of abbreviations see page 839.)



Afghanistan. Afghanistan and the German threat. Ikba Ali Shah. Edinburgh R., 228:59. July.

Angling for Afghanistan. Basanta Koomar Roy. Asia, 18:556. July. Aliens. Alien Property Custodian. Circular letter to lawyers. A. M. Palmer. Chicago Legal News, 50:360.

Aliens and military service. C. Phillipson. Laro Times, 144:445.
Bresil. Traitement des sujets ennemis. Clunet, 45:807.
Condition des sujets ennemis. C. Pelizzi. Clunet, 45:539.

Confiscation of alien enemy property. H. A. Forster. American Law R., 52:279.

Enemy aliens in the United States. Current History, 8 (Pt. 2):249.

Rôle et pouvoirs de séquestre ou “administrateur forcé des entreprises ennemis en Allemagne d'aprés la jurisprudence du ‘Reichsgericht'.” Eugene

Dreyfus. Clunet, 45:480. Alsace-Lorraine. Alsace-Lorraine and Democracy. By a French Soldier. Edinburgh R., 227:322. April.

Choses d'Allemagne et d'Alsace-Lorraine. Th. Ruyssen. La Paix par Le Droit, 28:226. July-August.

Droit (Le) et la question du plébiscite en Alsace-Lorraine. Maurice Bouchoir. L'Action nationale, 2:49.

Problem of Alsace-Lorraine. A. R. Salter. Indian R., 19:414. Angary, Right of. De la réquisition des navires etrangers en temps de guerre.

L'incident des navires hollandais et de l'Entente. Edouard Clunet. Clunet, 45:594.

Requisitioning of Dutch ships and the right of angary. C. Phillipson. American L. R., 22:22.

Right of angary. C. D. Allin. Minnesota Law R., 2:415.
Right of angary. C. Phillipson. American Law R., 52:452.

Right of angary. F. H. Peterson. Case & Comment, 24:949. Annexations. "Sans annexion” qui signifie la formule? P. G. La Chesnais.

L'Iction nationale, 2:104. Arbitration. France et Brésil.—Contesté territorial.—Frontières.—Arbitrage.

Documents.-Production loyale de la France aux debats contre elle-même.

Clunet, 45:971. Argentine Republic. Appel au President de l'Argentine. La Revue, 125:233. Armenia. Armenia's sufferings in a new phase. Current History, 8 (Pt. 2):131.

Turkey and Armenia. G. Thoumanian. Contemporary, 94:188. August. Asia. Germany's prospective loot in Asia. Ellsworth Huntington. Asia, 47:480. June.


Austria-Hungary. Austria accepts Germany's policy. Count Czernin. Current History, 8 (Pt. 2):513.

Autriche-Hongrie (La) a la veille de la guerre. Marten-Furth. Nouvelle R., 36:25. July.

Delenda est Austria. Duke of Litta-Visconti-Arese. N. American R., 208:72. July. Bagdad. Bagdad (The) railway. H. Charles Woods. N. American R., 208:219. August.

From Bagdad to the Mediterranean in the hands of the Turks. G. N. Gibbs. 19th Century, 84:339. August. Balkans. Greece and the Balkan settlement. Principal Burrows. Quarterly R., 229:576. April.

Bosnie (La) et L'Herzegovne. Nouvelle R., 36:211. August. Baltic. Baltic (The) Germans. A. F. Stewart. Asiatic R., 14:369. July. Belgium Belgian courts superseded: official statement. Current History, 8 (Pt. 2):333.

Belgium and Luxembourg, 1831-1839. H. Vander Linden. Quarterly R., 230:321. April.

Belgium as a pawn. Arthur J. Balfour. Current History, 8 (Pt. 2): 516.

Belgium under the iron heel. A Belgian Lawyer. Current History, 8 (Pt. 2):519.

Germany's attempt to divide Belgium. Current History, 8 (Pt. 1):511.
Neutral (The) policy of Belgium before the war. 19th Century, 84:238.
N'oublions pas.

Comte Louis de Lichtervelde. Revue belge, 1:385. April.

Prussian law as applied in Belgium, G. De Laval. American Law R., 52:235.

Saving Belgium from starvation. Current History, 8 (Pt. 2):521. Belligerents. Belligerents and neutrals. C. Phillipson. Law Times, 145:3. Berlin, Congress of. France (La) et l'allemagne apres la Congres de Berlin.

Ernest Daudet. Le Correspondant, 234:257. July. Bersaglieri. “Bersaglieri” (The) of the sea. L. Vannutelli. N. American R.,

208:197. August. Bessarabia. Bessarabia's historical background. D. N. Ciotori. Current History, 8 (Pt. 2):328.

Rumania and Bessarabia. A. Rubin. Current History, 8 (Pt. 2):326. Bolivar. Politica (La) internacional de Bolivar. Harmodio Arias. La Revista

Nueva, 5:576. Bolshevism. Burke on Bolshevism. A. V. Dicey. 19th Century, 84:274. Brazil. Politique (La) francaise au Brésil. Baron d'Anthonard. Le Corre

spondant, 234:193. July. Bulgaria. What are the Bulgarians fighting for? Review of Reviews, 58:195.

August. China. American policy in China. James Francis Abbott. Asia, 18:711. September.

China's distrust of Japan, Henry Chung. Asia, 18:225. March.

China. New (The) Chinese loan. John Foord. Asia, 18:728. September.
Citizenship. Citizenship and expatriation. Yale Laro J., 27:1081.
Clemenceau. Clemenceau. H. M. Hyndman. National R., 11:446. June.
Congo. Congo (La) Belge et l'Allemagne A. Lourvers. Revue Belge, 1:656.

Congress of Peace. "Congres de la paix" en Chine, en 546 Avant J.-C. Etudes,

156:77. Continuous Voyage. Doctrine of continuous voyage as applied to contraband.

Columbia Law R., 18:590. Contracts. Effect of war on contracts. J. M. Hall. Columbia Law R., 18:325. Courtney of Penwith. Lord Courtney. G. P. Gooch. Contemporary, 93:634.

June. Czecho-Slovaks. The Czechoslovaks recognized as a nation. Current History, 8 (Pt. 2):489.

Fighting (The) Czechoslovaks. Maynard Owen Williams. Asia, 18: 722. September.

Czechoslovaks of Bohemia and Moravia. E. Jordan. Current History, 8 (Pt. 2):491. Danube, The Germany's control of the Danube. Current History, 8 (Pt. 2):324. Declaration of Paris. Confederacy (The) and the Declaration of Paris. W. H.

Trescot. American Historical R., 23:826. Denmark. Danemark (Le) et la guerre. Jacques de Conssange. Le Correspond

ant, 233:1093. June. Egypt. Egypte et le droit des peuples. Aly Shannsy. Bibliotheque Universelle

et Revue Suisse, 91:264. August. Europe. Beginnings (The) of Europe. Havelock Ellis. Anglo-Indian R., 1:207.

July. European War. Allemagne (L') cause unique de la guerre. Victor Grand. La Revue, 27:366. July.

Ambassador Morganthau's story. World's Work, 36:42, 154, 262. MayJuly.

Boycotting Germany. H. G. Wells. Current History, 8 (Pt. 2):545.

Direction (The) of the war. Charles A'Court Reppington. Atlantic, 122:235.

Dr. Muehlon's revelations regarding the Kaiser. Current History, 8 (Pt. 2):547.

England and the war's causes. Viscount Bryce. Current History, 8 (Pt. 2):162.

Federica Engels e i problemi de la guerra. Nuova Antologia, 195:242. July.

Ferrero's view of the moral chaos that led to the war. Current Opinion, 64:413.

Final phases of the war. Herbert H. Asquith. Current History, 8 (Pt. 2):301.

German propagandist societies. Lewis Melville. Quarterly R., 230:70. July.

Germanism, war and peace. A. Shadwell. Edinburgh R., 228:1. July.

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