Indian Journal of Economics, Volume 2

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University of Allahabad, Department of Economics, 1919 - Economics
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Page 634 - Political economy, considered as a branch of the science of a statesman or legislator, proposes two distinct objects : first, to provide a plentiful revenue or subsistence for the people, or, more properly, to enable them to provide such a revenue or subsistence for themselves ; and secondly, to supply the state or commonwealth with a revenue sufficient for the public services. It proposes to enrich both the people and the sovereign.
Page 228 - ... next after any relation in the same degree of the whole blood, and his issue, where the common ancestor shall be a male, and next after the common ancestor where such common ancestor shall be a female...
Page 633 - Is there anything that is righteous for those for whom the science of Kautilya, merciless in its precepts, rich in cruelty, is an authority ; whose teachers are priests habitually hard-hearted with practice of...
Page 311 - ... Government always tried to keep an impartial equilibrium between direct and indirect taxation. The land revenue in Bengal was settled once for all in 1793 and the Court of Directors in approving this limitation on the Government demands from land declared that " the true policy requires us to hold this remote dependant dominion under as moderate a taxation as will consist with the ends of our Government. '* Later on these views seem to have been changed and the temporary settlements, lasting...
Page 225 - In the Bombay Presidency in general, and in particular in the Konkan, West Deccan, and the garden and rice tracts of Gujarat, subdivision and fragmentation have reached an intolerable point . . . Fields measuring less than half an acre are found to be sub-divided into more than 20 separately owned plots, many of them of less than one guntha...
Page 642 - Having ascertained the value of local produce as compared with that of foreign produce that can be obtained in barter, the superintendent will find out by calculation whether there is any margin left for profit after meeting the payments...
Page 167 - For a long time dog's flesh was sold for goat's flesh, and the pounded bones of the dead were mixed with flour and sold. When this was discovered, the sellers were brought to justice. Destitution at length reached such a pitch that men began to devour each other, and the flesh of a son was preferred to his love. The numbers of the dying caused obstructions in the roads, and every man whose dire sufferings did not terminate in death and who retained the power to move wandered off to the towns and...
Page 167 - Surat, to establish soup kitchens, or almshouses, such as are called langar in the language of Hindustan, for the benefit of the poor and destitute. Every day sufficient soup and bread was prepared to satisfy the wants of the hungry. It was further ordered that so long as His Majesty remained at Burhanpur...
Page 166 - The inhabitants of these two countries were reduced to the direst extremity. Life was offered for a loaf, but none would buy ; rank was to be sold for a cake, but none cared for it ; the everbounteous hand was now stretched out to beg for food; and the feet which had always trodden the way of, contentment walked about only in search of sustenance.
Page 167 - The Emperor in his gracious kindness and bounty directed the officials of Burhanpur, Ahmadabad, and the country of Surat, to establish soup kitchens, or almshouses, such as are called langar in the language of Hindustan, for the benefit of the poor and destitute. Every day ' sufficient soup and bread was prepared to satisfy the wants of the hungry. It was further ordered that so long...

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