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fon, who, in another place, is called by Jofephus, Judas the Galilean, or Judas of Galilee) perfuaded not a few not to enroll


themselves, when Cyrenius the cenfor was fent into Judea."

XL. (p. 942.) Acts xxi. 38.

"Art not

thou that Egyptian which, before these days, madest an uproar, and leddeft out into the wilderness four thousand men that were murderers ?"


Jof. de Bell. 1. ii. c. 13, fec. 5. the Egyptian false prophet brought a yet heavier difafter upon the Jews; for this impoftor, coming into the country, and gaining the reputation of a prophet, gathered together thirty thousand men, who were deceived by him. Having brought them round out of the wilderness, up to the Mount of Olives, he intended from thence to make his attack upon Jerufalem; but Felix, coming fuddenly upon him with the Roman foldiers, prevented the attack.-A great number, or (as it fhould rather be rendered) the greatest


part of those that were with him, were either flain, or taken prisoners."

In thefe two paffages, the defignation of the impoftor, an "Egyptian," without his proper name; "the wilderness ;" his efcape, though his followers were deftroyed; the time of the tranfaction, in the presidentship of Felix, which could not be any long time before the words in Luke are fuppofed to have been fpoken; are circumstances of close correspondency. There is one, and only one, point of disagreement, and that is, in the number of his followers, which in the Acts are called four thoufand, and by Jofephus thirty thousand: but, beside that, the names of numbers, more than any other words, are liable to the errors of transcribers, we are, in the prefent inftance, under the lefs concern to reconcile the evangelift with Jofephus, as Jofephus is not, in this point, confiftent with himself. For whereas, in the paffage here quoted, he calls the number thirty thousand, and tells us that the greateft part, or a great number (according as VOL. II. N


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his words are rendered) of those that were with him, were destroyed; in his Antiquities, he reprefents four hundred to have been killed upon this occafion, and two hundred taken prisoners*: which certainly was not the "greatest part," nor a great part,' nor" a great number," out of thirty thou-. fand. It is probable also, that Lysias and Jofephus spoke of the expedition in its different ftages: Lyfias, of thofe who followed the Egyptian out of Jerufalem; Jofephus, of all who were collected about him afterwards, from different quarters.

XLI. (Lardner's Jewish and Heathen Testimonies, vol. iii. p. 21) Acts xvii. 22. "Then Paul ftood in the midft of Marshill, and faid, Ye men of Athens, I perceive that in all things ye are too fuperftitious; for, as I paffed by and beheld your tions, I found an altar with this infcription, TO THE UNKNOWN GOD. Whom therefore ye ignorantly worship, him declare I unto you."

* Lib. xx. c. 7, fec. 6.



Diogenes Laërtius, who wrote about the year 210, in his hiftory of Epimenides, who is fupposed to have flourished nearly fix hundred years before Chrift, relates of him the following flory: that, being invited to Athens for the purpose, he delivered the city from a peftilence in this manner

Taking several sheep, fome black, others white, he had them up to the Areopagus, and then let them go where they would, and gave orders to thofe who followed them, wherever any of them fhould lie down, to facrifice it to the god to whom it belonged; and fo the plague ceafed. Hence," fays the hiftorian, "it has come to pass, that, to this prefent time, may be found in the boroughs of the Athenians ANONYMOUS altars: a memorial of the expiation then made *. These altars, it may be prefumed, were called anonymous, because there was not the name of any particular deity inscribed upon them.

Paufanias, who wrote before the end of

* In Epimenide, 1. i. fegm. 110.

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the fecond century, in his defeription of Athens, having mentioned an altar of Jupiter Olympius, adds, "And nigh unto it is an altar of unknown gods." And, in another place, fpeaks of altars of gods called unknown."

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Philoftratus, who wrote in the beginning of the third century, records it as an observation of Apollonius Tyanæus, “That it was wife to speak well of all the gods, es pecially at Athens, where aliars of unknown demons were erected."

The author of the dialogue Philopatris, by many fuppofed to have been Lucian, who wrote about the year 170, by others fome anonymous heathen writer of the fourth century, makes Critias fwear by the unknown god of Athens; and, near the end of the dialogue, has these words, "But let us find out the unknown god at Athens, and, ftretching

* Pauf. 1. v.

p. 412.

+ Ib. 1. i. p. 4.

Philof. Apoll. Tyan. l. vi. c. 3.


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