Connecting Histories in Afghanistan: Market Relations and State Formation on a Colonial Frontier
Most histories of nineteenth-century Afghanistan argue that the country remained immune to the colonialism emanating from British India because, militarily, Afghan defenders were successful in keeping out British imperial invaders. However, despite these military victories, colonial influences still made their way into Afghanistan. Looking closely at commerce in and between Kabul, Peshawar, and Qandahar, this book reveals how local Afghan nomads and Indian bankers responded to state policies on trade. British colonial political emphasis on Kabul had significant commercial consequences both for the city itself and for the cities it displaced to become the capital of the emerging Afghan state. Focused on routing between three key markets, Connecting Histories in Afghanistan challenges the overtly political tone and Orientalist bias that characterize classic colonialism and much contemporary discussion of Afghanistan.
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Part II The New Outdated Colonial Political Economy
Deflecting Colonial Canons and CannonsAlternate Routes to Knowing Afghanistan
Commercial Vocabulary in NineteenthCentury Afghanistan
Abbreviations Transliterations and Spellings
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Abd al-Rahman Abd al-Rahman’s reign account books Afghan Afghan fruit Afghan nomads Afghanistan Ahmad Amir’s Anglo-Afghan archival Babur Bombay British Agent British Indian rupees British officials brokerage brokers Bukhara Burnes Burnes’s camels capital cash Central Asia Chapter collected colonial officials commercial agents commodities communities currency Dera Ismail Khan Diwan Dost Muhammad Durrani state’s economic Envoy exchange export fiscal Foreign Frontier Foreign S.C. Foreign Secret fruit monopoly Ghalzi Government Herat Hindki Hindu hundis Ibid important India Indian rupees Indus Indus River Istalif Kabul Kakar Karamat Khaibar Khattri kochis Koh Daman lakhs Lohanis Ludiana Macnaghten mashin khana minting Mirza Mithenkote Mughal Muhin Shah Mullah Multan NWFPA occupation Omar Khan Pashto Pashtun pawendas percent Persian Peshawar Peshawar merchants Peshawri Peshin political Proceeding production qafilabashi Qandahar revenue route Sarwar Khan second Anglo-Afghan war Serial Sethi Shah’s shawar Shikarpuri Shuja social textual tion trade Trevor