Quantifying Consciousness: An Empirical Approach
This book presents an approach to quantifying consciousness and its various states. It represents over ten years of work in developing, test ing, and researching the use of relatively simple self-report question naires in the retrospective assessment of subjective or phenomenologi cal experience. While the simplicity of the method allows for subjective experience to be reliably and validly assessed across various short stim ulus conditions, the flexibility of the approach allows the cognitive psy chologist, consciousness researcher, and mental health professional to quantify and statistically assess the phenomenological variables associ ated with various stimulus conditions, altered-state induction tech niques, and clinical procedures. The methodology allows the cognitive psychologist and mental health professional to comprehensively quantify the structures and pat terns of subjective experience dealing with imagery, attention, affect, volitional control, internal dialogue, and so forth to determine how these phenomenological structures might covary during such stimulus conditions as free association, a sexual fantasy, creative problem solving, or a panic attack. It allows for various phenomenological pro cesses to be reported, quantified, and statistically assessed in a rather comprehensive fashion that should help shed greater understanding on the nature of mind or consciousness.
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Phenomenological Perspectives on Consciousness
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able absorption allow alpha altered experience analyses appear approach assessed associated attention average awareness baseline behavior body image changes cluster coefficients cognitive compared comparisons completed consciousness consistent correlations defined determine dimensions direction effects experienced eyes closed eyes-closed factor feelings felt Figure Form four function given greater groups Hence high susceptibles hypnoidal hypnosis hypnotic induction hypnotic susceptibility imagery increased indicated individuals intensity interaction internal dialogue introspection inventory Jennrich Kumar less major meaning medium memory mind nature obtained particular pattern PCI dimensions Pekala perception period phenomenological phenomenological experience positive affect predicted present procedure processes progressive psychology psygrams questionnaire rationality reference relaxation reliability reported represent scores self-awareness sense significant significantly similar sitting quietly specificity stimulus conditions structures sub)dimensions subjective experience suggests Table Tart thought tion validity values variability variance various vividness volitional control Whereas