States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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Humanism was not a formal philosophy but rather a mindset and an approach to thinking , writing , and schooling that was influenced by , and , in turn , influenced the study of Classical Greco - Roman writings . The humanist mindset not ...
Ibn Rushd , who was a study of his , endured banishment and the burning of some of his writings . Ibn al - Khatib , who was Ibn Khaldun's mentor , was charged with heresy and sent to prison , where he was killed .
The whole set of terms is found in more or less explicit form in the writings of the leading social contract theorists— Hobbes , Locke , and Rousseau . Civic virtue is a key theme in Bruni's orations , Machiavelli's Discourse ...
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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