States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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There is nothing less Roman than fear.1 “ If you love virtue ( I address our Charles as Cicero addressed Julius ... in which legal equity is the same for all citizens , in which pursuit of the virtues may flourish without suspicion .
Having established the relation of ' aşabîya and power , Ibn Khaldun addressed virtue . He inevitably considered it not as a set of ideals for personal behavior but as the enactment of kin altruism . Fortitude and bravery in action are ...
Ibn Khaldun insists that respect of merit in an individual , class , or group is a key virtue — the loss of that quality is the first indicator of a people's decline . Ibn Khaldun did not expound on this point ; however , it likely ...
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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