States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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However , I find them for the most part inadequate because they define the " crisis of Islamic society " in terms of an inability to assimilate , or outright antagonism toward , the values and institutions of the West .
... tend to inculcate the belief that all people aspire to American ( or Western ) political values . ... rights , civil society , constitutionalism , civic duty , and citizenship have equal value and meaning in all societies .
Thus , ethical reform should attempt to modify kin preference behavior , accord value to earnest work as a means to improve living conditions , and overcome the negativity of bid'a ( innovation ) . The problem with kin preference ...
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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