States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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Moreover , in certain usage in the West , state means something other than country . The differentiation is based on modern sociopolitical theory , particularly that of Max Weber . The state is a political entity with legal status ...
This theory is quite valid , notwithstanding that later Muslim scholars did not reflect on it , the intellectual orientation of Islamic civilization being other than " man in his social environment . " Even with the decline of nomadic ...
Development theory passed through phases of critique ( dependency theory ) and counter - critique ( dependent development ) and more recently acknowledged the significance of cultural difference . The corollary was that the path to ...
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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