States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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In this area , the story of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazna has particular significance . In Anatolia , the ghazi ethos developed from a situation of military stalemate and consequent change in the military society of the borderland .
... the later imams , the righteous ulema , and even to non - Shi'i Muslims who died for Islam . Contemporary heroes include Khomeini and his colleagues among the ayatollahs , who actively condemned the Shah's regime . The story of ...
... Christian , and other communities and sensure ] freedom of voting , " 123 that the " temporal administration " of the non - Muslim communities " be placed a 121 See generally Antonius , George , The Arab Awakening : The Story of the ...
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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