States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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Therefore , status , or prestige , is inherited , and pedigree is essential for claims to status . A lineage of prestigious ancestors constitutes a " noble house . " The degree of nobility of lineage correlates with the degree of kin ...
Believers , of whatever tribal origin , are brothers in the umma and , as such , come to be the exclusive , full members of the state . Jews , and also Christians , attain the status of protected communities , with restrictions on ...
Citizenship is a status conferred on persons admitted , as individuals , to legal membership in a political community ; and “ all who possess this status , as Marshall observes , are equal with respect to the rights and duties with ...
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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