States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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In a general sense , the concept of citizenship has the two elements of reciprocal relation and identity . A citizen is a person who owes allegiance to a state in return for benefits . This relation is sometimes described as “ duties ...
Like the early humanists in Florence , he attempted to deal with man in relation to his environment – instead of in relation to divinity and the hereafter . The intellectual task required taking a perspective on civilization , that is ...
That relation is still defined as communalism in the sense of faith group - centric identity . • The key determinant of ethics is faith - group altruism . • The impulse to right conduct is the quest for human salvation .
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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