States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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There was certainly ample attention given to the necessity for educational reform . As in other arenas , governments led the effort , which largely entailed importing the “ science ” of the modern West . The ulema ( religious scholars ) ...
Like other advocates of reform , he spent some years in Europe , although his status was that of self - exile . He was a translator , a journal and newspaper editor , and the author of essays , articles , novels , plays , and poems that ...
... 16–18 , 21–23 , 29 , 31 , 45–48 , 70 , 89 reforms , 9,54–55 , 57 , 60–61 , 63 , 65 , 80 Egalitarianism ( in Islam ) ... 29 , 34–35 , 37,66 Islamic moral ethics , 32–34 , 37 , 40 , 58,61 reform of , 60 , 61 , 65 tribal ethics , 29–32 ...
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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