States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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Comparative study presupposes acceptance of the principle of objectivity . Here again , the familiarization with such principles should begin in the formative years — but apparently does not . It is one thing to learn new subjects ...
The early phase of humanism manifested a number of core principles . The foundational principle of early humanism was “ Classicism , ” the avid study and use of Classical works — the writings of the Ancient Greeks and Romans — which ...
... Western ideas drawn upon ; the central issue being their conciliation with the principles of Islam and Shari'a . ... establishment of " representative ” and participatory ” organs ; and the adoption of the nationality principle .
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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