States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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The Muslim who behaves this way is righteous in a moral sense and noble in a social sense . The quality of appreciating merit in others is likewise part of Qur'anic teaching , although its significance changed as Islamic society became ...
In contrast , within Islamic moral ethics , there was a shift toward unqualified acceptance of authority , which accompanied the turn toward conservatism and orthodoxy . The ulema establishment began to teach that it was better to ...
Islamic moral teaching emphasizes macro - level kinship ( brothers within the umma ) , although that message was suppressed in the practical societal emphasis on micro - level kinship - brothers by common parentage or notional common ...
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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