States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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One can readily get some idea of “ Companion ” lore through an Internet query on the terms " Sahaba ” or “ Companion ( s ) of the Prophet . ” These are the people , mostly men and a few women — who had direct contact with the Prophet ...
Khalid is renowned for victories over the Byzantines in Syria - Palestine , thus , he is included in the hero lore of the Palestinian resistance . Sa'd , like ' Asim ibn Thabit , is mentioned in Bin Ladin's " Declaration of Jihad .
( Thus , the Palestinians created a subculture similar to that of Iran's hero lore , albeit without state - level backing . ) Such material is not the normal fare of academia ; however , Anne Marie Oliver and Paul Steinberg have ...
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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