States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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1 Similar approaches to social mobilization were employed in Persia ( later Iran ) and the Arab provinces ( later successor states ) of the Ottoman Empire . Governmental and intellectual leaders pursued the dual track of importing ...
1 al - Qassam , a Syrian teacher and mosque imam , supported the resistance in Libya and later in his homeland ( against French occupation ) . He had to flee Syria and so went to British Palestine . There , he established the Black Hand ...
The critical nature of these new challenges was made unmistakably clear by the defeats of the Ottomans before Russia and Austria , Napoleon's occupation of Egypt , and the later successes of the revolts in the Balkans .
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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