States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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These institutions are arenas of civic activism , the collective endeavor of public - spirited individual citizens . Society is thus unified by I two sets of institutions — apart from the fundamental Introduction xiji.
Of relevance here is certain Western political theory which posits that institutions of civil society are essential to democracy . They develop fully participant citizens — people who both can and will contribute to the common good ...
The way was thus paved for the entry of new ideas and for the political and institutional reforms initiated under the ... In these institutions no longer were only officers trained but also doctors , engineers , diplomats and civil ...
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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