States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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According to dictionary definitions , culture is the integrated pattern of human thought , belief , behavior , and material production that depends on man's capability to learn and transmit knowledge to succeeding generations .
This proposition is admittedly contentious in that it defies common Western beliefs about human nature that emerged ... in ( 1 ) inherent equality of all humans , as rational beings , ( 2 ) the inalienable rights common to all humans ...
In Ibn Khaldun's thesis , human enterprise in itself is inconsequential . ... The historic mission of the Islamic community is to bring all of humanity under a regime of social justice , which amounts to fulfillment of the divine plan .
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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