States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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Take , for example , the English martyr , which is conventionally translated into and from the Arabic shahid . In the Islamic context , a martyr is one who dies fighting for the cause of Islam or the sake of the Muslim community .
Moreover , they were not prepared to explain how , for example , alchemy gave rise to chemistry . Atatürk became a hero to the modernization movement as a whole ; but his persona was far beyond emulation by common people .
Hence the millet ( s ) organisation , for example , will provide a basis for new forms of political identification and solidarity and for the expression of nationalist types of aspirations . Another example , though on a different plane ...
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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