States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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The Expansion of Equality under the Tanzimat The proclamation of the Hatt - i Serif of Gulhane of 3 November 1839 , known as the Rescript of the Rose Chamber 94 is a landmark in the process 1 1 1 89 In addition to Berkes , Niazi , op ...
“ This , in the New Ottoman view , led to inequality , not equality . " For them foreign intervention should be resis' lll ted and equality based on a new bond of “ Ottoman patriotism ” and on the establishment of a " constitutional ...
But the effects of the encounter with the West did not all point in a direction favourable to the full development of citizenship . Rather , they were to generate conflicting trends . We have seen how the Tanzimat's position on equality ...
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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