States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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Because this endeavor was undertaken on personal time , I also thank my wife Gloria for her forbearance in giving up time together while I immersed myself “ in another world . ” Her proficiency with word - processing and graphic design ...
These institutions are arenas of civic activism , the collective endeavor of public - spirited individual citizens . Society is thus unified by I two sets of institutions — apart from the fundamental Introduction xiji.
In literary endeavor , humanism was expressed as the cultivation of Classical themes and forms . Appreciation and emulation of Classical works inevitably brought some older ideals to new vitality . Hence , the interrelated core ...
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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