States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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This proposition is admittedly contentious in that it defies common Western beliefs about human nature that emerged during the Enlightenment and have become foundational principles of the modern democratic political system ...
Kamran Aghaie summarized : [ M ] emorials of martyrdom also emerged in other forms . ... Symbols of struggle and martyrdom also became center pieces of meydans , or squares at major intersections . Special newspaper and magazine ...
Appendix The Emergence of Citizenship in Islamdom Nawaf A. Salam A man can be proud of his own deeds , not of his father's reputation -Arab Poet Tout homme est utile ŕ l'humanité par cela seul qu'il existe - J.J. Rousseau The purpose of ...
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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