States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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... increasing the readability of the text . EUROPE Vienna ASIA Istanbul Algiers Baghdad Damascus Tripoli Caira ARABIA AFRICA Ottoman Empire , 18th century HISTORIC SHIFT IN POWER 1500s Century Trend The Portuguese attain Introduction XV.
HISTORIC SHIFT IN POWER 1500s Century Trend The Portuguese attain maritime supremacy in the Indian Ocean region , posing a threat to the southern flank of Islamic world , including Safavid Persia . The Ottoman siege of Vienna marks ...
It implicitly invoked certain rights of the citizen , as then known in the West , but did not actually institute citizenship . ( That concept would not be incorporated into the Turkish vocabulary until the following century . ) ...
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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