States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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The Qur'an commends the brotherhood in faith in passages such as the following : " The believers indeed are brothers ; so set things right between your two brothers ; and fear God ; haply , so you will find mercy " [ 49:10 ) .
Whereas Ibn Khaldun does not address the issue of active virtue , Qur'anic teaching exhorts the believers , collectively , to take action to bring justice to mankind . Examples of numerous relevant injunctions are : to bear witness to ...
The recognized communities are the believers , who are both emigrants ( Muhajirūn ) and local supporters ( Anşār ) , native Jewish clans , and native pagan Arab clans . This three - way distinction set forth the terms that endured in ...
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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