States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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Concerning the concept of governing power , Ibn Khaldun explained that regal authority derives from leadership yet differs from it . Leadership is convincing men to follow by appeal to consensus and building trust .
Another disparity - one of substance - concerns obedience to political authority . Ibn Khaldun's theory and Islamic moral teaching are in agreement that obedience to ( political ) authority is necessary for social order .
In contrast , within Islamic moral ethics , there was a shift toward unqualified acceptance of authority , which accompanied the turn toward conservatism and orthodoxy . The ulema establishment began to teach that it was better to ...
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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