States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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It has been several years since the September 11th jihadist terrorist attacks on New York and Washington , DC . The conflict in Iraq has gone through several stages , which the U.S. defense community has struggled to define - insurgency ...
Heater , Derek , A Brief History of Citizenship ( New York : University of New York Press , 2004 ) . Honshau , Iseult , Civic Republicanism ( London : Routledge , 2002 ) . Pocock , J. G. A. , The Machiavellian Moment : Florentine ...
Massiales , Byron G. , and Samir Ahmad Jarrar , Arab Education in Transition : A Source Book ( New York : Garland Press , 1991 ) . Nayyar , A. H. , and Ahmad Salim , eds . , The Subtle Subversion : The State of Curriculum and Textbooks ...
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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