States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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1810 ) began his career in the military service of the Bey of Tunis , an Ottoman vassal . Like Tahtawi , he had the opportunity to spend years in Paris on official duty . On his return to Tunis , he became Minister of Marine and leader ...
Paris was also the scene of Jamal al - Din's famous controversy with the French scholar Renan over the compatibility of Islam and modernity . Al - Afghani took to further travels , Russia and Persia , to 56 States without Citizens.
21 Foucault , Michel , Le Souci de Soi , Paris , 1976 , pp . 56–57 . English translation by Robert Hurley , The Care of the Self , New York , 1986 , p . 42 . 22 Idem , p . 57 . 23 On “ Holism , ” as opposed to “ individualism ...
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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