States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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Fazlur Rahman , Islam and Modernity : Transformation of an Intellectual Tradition ( Chicago ; London : University of Chicago Press , 1984 : 30 ) . 8. J. Robson , " Bid'a , " Encyclopedia of Islam , new ed . , vol . 5 , 1199 .
Watt , W. Montgomery , The Faith and Practice of al - Ghazālī ( London : G. Allen and Unwin , 1953 ) . Zilfi , Madeleine C. , The Politics of Piety : The Ottoman Ulema in the Post Classical Age 1600-1800 ( Minneapolis : Bibliotheca ...
( London : Pluto Press , 2005 ) . Makdisi , Ussama , and Paul A. Silverstein , eds . , Memory and Violence in the Middle East and North Africa ( Bloomington : Indiana University Press , 2006 ) . Oliver , Mary Anne , and Paul F.
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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