States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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... responsible for developing this approach to wisdom and promoting it among the intellectuals of Italy was Francesco Petrarca , X known as Petrarch , the acclaimed " father of Worlds Together , Worlds Apart : Cultures in History 15.
About 1330 , Petrarch began a period of travels , wherein he wandered through France , Germany , and Italy , sometimes going into seclusion at Vaucluse , near Avignon , to write . During this time he conducted business for Church ...
1114 1126 1165 1171 1204 1225 1240 Gerard of Cremona is born in Cremona ( Italy ) ; his life's work entails the translation of 87 books from Arabic , including those of highly advanced thinkers such as al - Razi and Ibn al - Haytham .
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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