States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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Thus , we also speak of society in a larger sense , as in Islamic society or Western society . As for culture , it may be defined as all the knowledge and values shared by a given society . However , that is quite an oversimplification ...
We speak of an Islamic world in the present time , but can we still speak of an Islamic civilization ? The latter term clearly had relevance in earlier history when it designated a set of societies with common institutions and practices ...
Were it the reverse , the crisis of Islamic society would likely not exist . Generations of reformers , in official and nonofficial capacities , have commendably endeavored to transplant the governmental and legal institutions of the ...
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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