States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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Interested in the role of " social movements ” in the development of citizenship , Turner identified four successive “ waves " associated with the role played by different factors in the definition of citizenship : 4 2 Idem , p.171 .
34 Idem ; The Jamhara here cited is Hisham Ibn Muhammad al - Kalbi , Jamharat Ansab al - Arab , edited by Werner Caskel , Leiden , 1966 ; Generally for the continuation under Islam of the pre - Islamic interest in personal biographies ...
45 “ La rahbaniyya fi - l Islam ” ( No monkery in Islam ) says a Prophet's Hadith as reported in Ahmad Ibn Hanbal , Al - Musnad , Vol . VI , Cairo , 1930 , p . 226 . 46 Coulson , N. J. , op . cit . , p . 60 . 47 Idem , p . 52 . 48 Idem ...
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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