States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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Such books would gradually be taken to Western Europe as the climate for scholarship in Constantinople worsened over the decades . Meanwhile , a similar corpus of sources , albeit in Arabic , filtered into Western Europe through ...
They also sent observers and delegations to countries in Europe to learn the ways of the West . ... Egypt's rapid militarization under Muhammad ' Ali Pasha was ended by the intervention of the European powers .
Throughout the nineteenth century contacts with Europe were to intensify due also to the increasing role played by Ottoman diplomatic missions in Europe and their counterparts in Istanbul and to the expansion of trade and the ...
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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