States Without Citizens: Understanding the Islamic Crisis
The ideals of civic activism and public service that inspired the Western Renaissance are absent in the Islamic world. Islamic religio-moral ethics aim at salvation; Islamic social ethics aim at clan dominance. Western-inspired solutions to the Islamic crisis are inappropriate to Islamic states, in as much as they are states without citizens. To mitigate the violence engendered by the Islamic crisis, culturally authentic institutions must be created that will instill a civic ethics of common cause and public service. The author recommends this approach for policy makers and development managers and deplores the dangerous vacuity of such drumbeat cliches as the clash of civilizations that have gained currency in the war on terrorism.
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The intervening capture of Constantinople by Latin Crusaders gave better access to the Byzantine libraries , which included copies of and commentaries on Classical philosophic works . Such books would gradually be taken to Western ...
Humanism was not a formal philosophy but rather a mindset and an approach to thinking , writing , and schooling that was influenced by , and , in turn , influenced the study of Classical Greco - Roman writings . The humanist mindset not ...
Individualism and Conformity in Classical Islam , Wiesbaden , 1977 , p . 53 ( emphasis added ) . See also , idem , The Muslim Concept of Freedom prior to the Nineteenth Century , Leiden , 1960. For a different view on the question of ...
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Cultures in History
Contrast in Ethics
Critique of Endeavors
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