EBOOK: Attitudes, Personality and Behaviour
McGraw-Hill Education (UK), Nov 16, 2005 - Psychology - 192 pages
The book examines:
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Chapter 02 CONSISTENCY IN HUMAN AFFAIRS
Chapter 03 FROM DISPOSITIONS TO ACTIONS
Chapter 04 THE PRINCIPLE OF COMPATIBILITY
Chapter 05 FROM INTENTIONS TO ACTIONS
Chapter 06 EXPLAINING INTENTIONS AND BEHAVIOR
Chapter 07 CONCLUSION
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Common terms and phrases
accessibility accordance actions activities actual addition aggregation Ajzen approach asked assessed assumed attempts attitude or personality attitude–behavior attitudes attitudes and personality beliefs Chapter characteristics cognitive compatibility condition considered consistency context correlation described determinants direct discussion dispositions domain effect evaluative evidence examined example expected experience expressed extent factors favorable Fazio findings Fishbein given important indicate individuals inferred influence intentions interest involved kind means measures methods moderating motivation negative noted object observed obtained occasions participants particular perceived behavioral control perceptions perform personality traits planned behavior positive possible prediction predictive validity present principle question questionnaire range rated reasons reflect relation relatively relevant reported respect responses scale scores self-monitoring showed significant single situation social specific stable strength strong subjective norms Table tend theory of planned validity verbal
Page 28 - An attitude is a mental and neural state of readiness, organized through experience, exerting a directive or dynamic influence upon the individual's response to all objects and situations with which it is related
Page 38 - Taken as a whole, these studies suggest that it is considerably more likely that attitudes will be unrelated or only slightly related to overt behaviors than that attitudes will be closely related to actions.
Page 68 - Once we attend to interactions, we enter a hall of mirrors that extends to infinity. However far we carry our analysis — to third order or fifth order or any other — untested interactions of a still higher order can be envisioned.
Page 41 - I have yet to see any problem, however complicated, which, when you looked at it in the right way, did not become still more complicated.
Page 38 - personality coefficient' might be coined to describe the correlation between .20 and .30 which is found persistently when virtually any personality dimension inferred from a questionnaire is related to almost any conceivable external criterion involving responses sampled in a different medium - that is, not by another questionnaire.
Page 30 - Specifically the subjective value of each attribute contributes to the attitude in direct proportion to the strength of the belief (ie, the subjective probability that the object has the attribute in question).
Page 38 - Mischel (1968) has concluded that "behaviors which are often construed as stable personality trait indicators actually are highly specific and depend on the details of the evoking situations and the response mode employed to measure them (p.
Page 32 - Will you accept members of the Chinese race as guests in your establishment?
Page 38 - With the possible exception of intelligence, highly generalized behavioral consistencies have not been demonstrated, and the concept of personality traits as broad response predispositions is thus untenable
Page 38 - little evidence to support the postulated existence of stable, underlying attitudes within the individual which influence both his verbal expressions and his actions