Hydrocarbons (Alkanes, Alkenes And Alkynes)
This book is written for B.Sc., B.Sc. (Hons.) and M.Sc. students of various universities. In this book my aim has been describe the fundamental principles of organic chemistry. Since I do not consider the chemistry of natural products to be fundamental chemistry but rather the application of fundamental principles. The subject matter described in this book covers much of the basic organic chemistry that is needed by a student who wish to study chemistry as a main subject at degree level. The arrangement of the subjectmatter is based on homologous series and in general, descriptions of reactions are followed by discussion of their mechanisms and these includes an elementary account of the sort of evidence that led workers to suggest mechanisms that are acceptable at the present time. Contents: Alkanes, Alkenes and Alkynes, Halogen Derivatives of the Alkanes.
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acetone acetylene acid action activation addition addition reactions adds alcohol alkanes alkenes alkyl halides alkynes attack boiling bromine called carbon atom carbon tetrachloride carried catalyst chemical chloride chloroform coal compounds conformation consider containing cracking depends derivatives double bond effect electrons elimination energy ethanol ethylene ethyne example fluorine formation formula fractions fuel gasoline given gives greater haloalkanes haloarenes halogen halogen atom heated Hence higher hydrocarbons hydrogen atoms hydrogen bromide increases iodoform isomerism isomers known lead less liquid lower mechanism metal method methyl mixture molecular molecule nature nucleophilic obtained occur organic oxidation petroleum polymerisation position possible prepared presence pressure primary propane properties reaction reactivity readily reagent reduced replaced result rotation secondary shown sodium solution solvent stable step structure substitution temperature tertiary undergo usually values various yield