Travels in Arabia: Comprehending an Account of Those Territories in Hadjaz which the Mohammedans Regard as Sacred, Volume 2
John Lewis Burckhardt (1784-1817), the son of a Swiss Colonel undertook the journey to Mekkah in 1814. A master of the Arabic language and the Islamic religion, he assumed the guise of an Arab using the name of Sheikh Ibrahim in his travels, which he began in 1809 under the sponsorship of Sir Joseph Banks and the African Association. Burckhardt's description of the Hedjaz was the first accurate one to reach Europe. According to Leake in his preface ..." Burckhardt transmitted to the Association the most accurate and complete account of the Hedjaz, including the cities of Mekka and Medina, which has ever been received in Europe." His journals are invaluable for their observations on the Arab people and for his important geographical discoveries, including the site of Petra, Apameia, and the general structure of the peninsula of Mount Sinai. His knowledge of the Arabic language, and of Mohammedan manners, had enabled him to assumne the Muselman character with such success, that he resided in Mekka during the whole time of the pilgrimage, and passed through the various ceremonies of the occasion, without the slightest suspicion having arisen as to his real character. The folding plans include Makkah, Madinah, Wady Muna and Arafat.
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appeared Arabia Arabs Arafat arrival Bedouins belong building built Cairo called camels caravan carried chief close coast considerable continued covered cultivated dates direction distant Djebel Djidda dollars dress east eastern Egypt Egyptian encamped entered families five four frequently gardens gate greater ground Hadj hadjys half Hedjaz houses hundred inhabitants journey land less live Medina Mekka Mohammed Mohammed Aly months morning mosque mountains Nedjed neighbouring never night party Pasha passage passed performed Persian persons pilgrims plain prayers present principal provisions quarters reached remain residence respect road route seen sent Sheikh Sherif ships side soldiers soon stands station stone streets supply Syrian tents thousand tion tomb town travelling trees tribe Turkish usually valley village Wady Wahabys wall whole women Yembo Yemen
Page 405 - This book is a preservation photocopy. It is made in compliance with copyright law and produced on acid-free archival 60# book weight paper which meets the requirements of ANSI/NISO Z39.48-1992 (permanence of paper) Preservation photocopying and binding by Acme Bookbinding Charlestown, Massachusetts Q 1999
Page 147 - of the Faithful; a name bestowed upon it by Mohammed, who said: " Between my tomb and my pulpit is a garden of the gardens of Paradise." The pulpit of the mosque stands close to this partition, about midway between the Hedjra and the west wall of the mosque, and the name Rodha strictly
Page 141 - the manufacturing of those curtains. successors, Abou Beker and Omar. As far as I could learn here, these tombs are also covered with precious stuffs, and in the shape of catafalques, like that of Ibrahim in the great mosque of Mekka. They are said to be placed in the following order:
Page 142 - The historian says, that these tombs are deep holes ; and that the coffin which contains the dust of Mohammed, is cased with silver, and has on the top a marble slab, inscribed, " Bismillahi Allahuma Sally aley." (" In the name of God, bestow thy mercy upon him.") They did not always stand in their present position : Samhoudy places them at different times thus : an
Page 33 - in the midst of which many of their camels were reposing. The plain contained, dispersed in different parts, from twenty to twenty-five thousand camels, twelve thousand of which belonged to the Syrian Hadj, and from five • At the close of the sixteenth century, according to Kotobeddyn, the whole plain of Arafat
Page 367 - or, as it is called from the soil, Gherek-ed-Dessem, a plain of deep sand, four hours long, after which the road becomes less sandy and difficult, being covered with small stones. 14 hours. Djerdawye, a plain with wells of good water; from thence, in 7 hours, to Dat, the first town of
Page 59 - of camels, the smell from which rendered the air, even in the midst of the town, offensive, and certainly contributed to the many diseases now prevalent. Several hundreds of these carcases lay near the reservoirs of the Hadj, and the Arabs inhabiting that part of
Page 35 - Arafat. In former times, when the strength of the Syrian and Egyptian caravans happened to be nearly balanced, bloody affrays took place here almost every year betweenthem, each party endeavouring to outrun and to carry its
Page 346 - and Hashed Arabs of this district serve in the army of the Imam of Sana ; many of them go to India, and are preferred by the native princes there to any other class of soldiers : Tipoo Saheb had several hundred of them in his service. They generally embark at Shaher, in Hadramaut; and their chief destination at present
Page 87 - heated; the flesh is laid upon them, and then covered by cinders and the wet skin of the animal, and closely shut up with sand and clay. In an hour and a half the meat is cooked, and, as it loses none of its juices, has an excellent flavour. January 22nd. We left the well at halfpast three PM Route N.