Applying the Canon in Islam: The Authorization and Maintenance of Interpretive Reasoning in Hanafi Scholarship
Using examples from Islamic law, Ndembu divination, and Aranda religion, this book argues how the notion of "canon" is used to authorize and maintain certain types of interpretive reasoning and the social institutions that employ them. The bulk of the book outlines how the H school of Islamic law was able to legitimize itself by extending the canonical authority of the Qur'an to the sunnah of the prophet, the opinions of selected local authorities, and the scholarship of earlier generations. The H example shows that the application of canon is not about overcoming the limits of a "closed" text but rather about imposing limits on a range of interpretations made possible by a variegated and malleable textual corpus.
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Abu Hanifah Abu Thawr Abu Yusuf According to Abu Ahmad al-Dabusi al-fiqh al-Haddad al-Jassas al-Marghinani al-Muwatta al-Quduri al-Sarakhsi al-Shafi‘i al-Shaybani al-Tabari al-Tahawi animals ashab authoritative basis Beirut Cairo churinga claim classical schools companions conﬂict conﬂict of opinions contents corpus deduced deﬁne definition deﬁnition of practice delayed delivery determine dirhems discussion diviner dry measure epitome established examples exchange fiqh ﬁsh ﬂour Hanaﬁ Hanafi authorities Hanafi opinions Hanafi scholarship Ibid Ibn Abi Hatim Ibn Abi Layla Ibn Qutaybah ikhtilaf interpret the revelation interpretive reasoning Islamic istihsan killing prey Kitab Kufan logical Madinah Malik Matba‘at Medinese Muhammad Mukhtasar Muslim Muwatta Ndembu opin opinion of Abu particular penalty permitted postclassical scholarship prac prayer precedent principle prophetic practice qiyas Qur’an reports of prophetic sacralized person sacred area Schacht scholars second century sharh signiﬁcance speciﬁc statement sunnah text-based epistemology textual thority tice tion Yi'isuf Zufar