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Prerace

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Foreword

................................................ IV

nents ...

Machine Intelligence and Robotics. Members of the NASA Study Group.
June 1977-September 1979 ..
Acknowledgements ....................

....... vi

..........viii
Contents ............................................

Acronyms ................................................VIT

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II. NASA Needs............................................

III. NASA Needs

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B. Relevant Technologies

...................................

1. Robotics Technology .............
2. Smart Sensor Technology ..........................

3. Mission Operations Technology ..........................

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........................

4. Spacecraft Computer Technology ...
5. Computer Systems Technology ................
6. Software Technology .............
7. Data Management Systems Technology .....................
8. Man-Machine Systems Technology .................
9. Digital Communication Technology ...................

Appendix on Relevant Technologies ...............
1. Robotics Technology
2. Smart Sensor Technology ..................
3. Mission Operations Technology ............
4. Spacecraft Computer Technology

.........
5. Computer Systems Technology ...............
6. Software Technology ..............................

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7. Data Management Systems Technology ..........

8. Man-Machine Systems Technology ......................

9.

Digital Communication Technology ....................

VI. Conclusions and Recommendations

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Conclusions ..........................................

VONCIUSIONI

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Conclusion 3

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Conclusion 4

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Conclusion 1 ......
Conclusion 2 ......................

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........ B. Recommendations ...............

Recommendation 1 .......
Recommendation 2......................................

.......
Recommendation 3........................
Recommendation 4.....

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Appendixes

A. The Study Group and its Workshop Activities .....

Biographical Sketches ..............................8

. . . . . . . A-1

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Marvin Minsky ...................................B-1

C. Heuristic Programming: III-Structured Problems

Allen Newell .....................................

D. Artificial Intelligence

Nils J. Nilsson.

...........

E. The art of artificial intelligence – Themes and case studies of
knowledge engineering

Edward A. Feigenbaum .............................

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Remarks on the relationship between artificial intelligence and
cognitive psychology

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Galileo spacecraft navigates between Jupiter and Galilean
satellites in rendering ....................................

10

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Mars surface robot will operate for 2 years and travel about 1000 km
performing experiments automatically and sending the scientific
information back to Earth ...
Artist's concept of a Mars surface scientific processing and sample return

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facility...............................................

10

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..............................................

12

Large space systems require robot and automation technology for
fabrication, assembly, and construction in space .................. 14
Large space antennas are erected with the help of a space-based
construction platform .................................... 14

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Complex construction facility in space with automatic beam builders,

cranes, manipulators, etc., is served by the Shuttle ................ 14 4.9 Space construction of large antenna systems with automated

tools, teleoperated manipulators, and free-flying robots ............. 15 4-10 Automated material processors on the lunar surface are serviced

by robot vehicles with raw lunar soil ... 5-1 Data storage technology ........

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Estimates of the technology development efforts to automate system functions ............................................

11

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R&D of the Big Seven Computer Companies .................... 55

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