Traditional Festivals: A Multicultural Encyclopedia, Volume 1

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ABC-CLIO, 2005 - Social Science - 548 pages
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This illustrated reference work covers a wide range of festivals that have sacred origins and are, or have been, part of a folk tradition, a world religion, or a major civilization.

Traditional Festivals: A Multicultural Encyclopedia travels around the world and across the centuries to uncover an often unexpected richness of meaning in some of the major sacred festivals of the world's religions, the hallowed calendars of ancient civilizations, and the seasonal celebrations of tribal cultures.

From Akitu to Yom Kippur, its 150+ entries look at the content and context of these festivals from a number of perspectives (including those relating to theology, anthropology, folklore, and social theory), tracing their historical development and variations across cultures. Readers will get a vivid sense of what each festival means to the people celebrating it; how each captures its culture's beliefs, hopes and fears, founding myths, and redemptive visions; and how each expresses the universal need of humans to connect their lives to a timeless spiritual dimension.

  • More than 150 A-Z entries on the content and context of each festival, tracing its historical development and geographic variations, from Ashura (Islam) to Whitsuntide (Christianity)
  • 70 illustrations of festive rituals including photos of Belgium's Binche Carnival, Japan's Cherry Blossom Festival, and the Zulu Reed Dance
  • Tables of dates for the major feasts in Hinduism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, as well as for the Chinese New Year
  • Calendar graph showing at a glance the relative places of all the festivals discussed in the seasonal cycle of a single year

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Selected pages


A Multicultural Encyclopedia A
A Multicultural Encyclopedia B
A Multicultural Encyclopedia C
A Multicultural Encyclopedia D
A Multicultural Encyclopedia E
A Multicultural Encyclopedia F
A Multicultural Encyclopedia G
A Multicultural Encyclopedia H
A Multicultural Encyclopedia P
A Multicultural Encyclopedia Q
A Multicultural Encyclopedia R
A Multicultural Encyclopedia S
A Multicultural Encyclopedia T
A Multicultural Encyclopedia U
A Multicultural Encyclopedia V
A Multicultural Encyclopedia W

A Multicultural Encyclopedia I
A Multicultural Encyclopedia J
A Multicultural Encyclopedia K
A Multicultural Encyclopedia L
A Multicultural Encyclopedia M
A Multicultural Encyclopedia N
A Multicultural Encyclopedia O
A Multicultural Encyclopedia X
A Multicultural Encyclopedia Y
A Multicultural Encyclopedia Z
A Multicultural Encyclopedia Appendixes
A Multicultural Encyclopedia Index
A Multicultural Encyclopedia About the Author

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Page 454 - And on the day called Sunday, all who live in cities or in the country gather together to one place, and the memoirs of the apostles or the writings of the prophets are read, as long as time permits; then, when the reader has ceased, the overseer verbally instructs, and exhorts to the imitation of these good things.
Page 454 - And when the president has given thanks, and all the people have expressed their assent, those who are called by us deacons give to each of those present to partake of the bread and wine mixed with water over which the thanksgiving was pronounced, and to those who are absent they carry away a portion.
Page 454 - For not as common bread and common drink do we receive these, but in like manner as Jesus Christ our Saviour, having been made flesh by the Word of God, had both flesh and blood for our salvation, so likewise have we been taught that the food which is blessed by the prayer of His \Vord, and from which our blood and flesh by transmutation is nourished, is the flesh and blood of that Jesus Who was made flesh.
Page 454 - Jesus who was made flesh. .For the Apostles, in the memoirs composed by them, which are called Gospels, have thus delivered unto us what was enjoined upon them, — that Jesus took bread, and when He had given thanks, said : Do this in remembrance of Me: this is My Body; and that after the same manner, having taken the cup, and given thanks, He said, This is My Blood, and gave it to them alone.
Page 63 - Do not be afraid. I bring you good news of great joy that will be for all the people. Today in the town of David a Savior has been born to you; he is Christ the Lord.
Page 35 - When a town celebrates the busk," says he, " having previously provided themselves with new clothes, new pots, pans, and other household utensils and furniture, they collect all their worn out clothes and other despicable things, sweep and cleanse their houses, squares, and the whole town, of their filth, which with all the remaining grain and other old provisions they cast together into one common heap, and consume it with fire. After having taken medicine, and fasted for three days, all the fire...
Page 93 - If, for these and other such rules, you insist upon having positive Scripture injunction, you will find none. Tradition will be held forth to you as the originator of them, . custom as their strengthener, and faith as their observer.
Page 16 - God raised him high and gave him the name which is above all other names so that all beings in the heavens, on earth and in the underworld, should bend the knee at the name of Jesus and that every tongue should acclaim Jesus Christ as Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
Page 16 - His state was divine, yet he did not cling to his equality with God but emptied himself to assume the condition of a slave and became as men are; and being as all men are, he was humbler yet, even to accepting death, death on a cross.
Page 75 - We declare, pronounce, and define that the doctrine which holds that the most blessed Virgin Mary, in the first instant of her conception, by a singular grace and privilege granted by almighty God, in view of the merits of Jesus Christ, the Saviour of the human race, was preserved free from all stain of original sin, is a doctrine revealed by God and therefore to be believed firmly and constantly by all the faithful.

About the author (2005)

Christian Roy, PhD, is a historian and a freelance translator and researcher. He is currently a member of the International Troeltsch-Tillich Project, preparing French editions of these two German theologians' works, based at Laval University, Quebec City, Quebec.

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