Envisioning Reform: Conceptual and Practical Obstacles to Improving Judicial Performance in Latin America
Judicial reform became an important part of the agenda for development in Latin America early in the 1980s, when countries in the region started the process of democratization. Connections began to be made between judicial performance and market-based growth, and development specialists turned their attention to “second generation” institutional reforms. Although considerable progress has been made already in strengthening the judiciary and its supporting infrastructure (police, prosecutors, public defense counsel, the private bar, law schools, and the like), much remains to be done.
Linn Hammergren’s book aims to turn the spotlight on the problems in the movement toward judicial reform in Latin America over the past two decades and to suggest ways to keep the movement on track toward achieving its multiple, though often conflicting, goals. After Part I’s overview of the reform movement’s history since the 1980s, Part II examines five approaches that have been taken to judicial reform, tracing their intellectual origins, historical and strategic development, the roles of local and international participants, and their relative success in producing positive change. Part III builds on this evaluation of the five partial approaches by offering a synthetic critique aimed at showing how to turn approaches into strategies, how to ensure they are based on experiential knowledge, and how to unite separate lines of action.
... Simplification of procedural codes, • Modification of legal codes and procedures to strengthen human, civil, and due process rights, • Legal-assistance programs, • Reforms of professional associations, • Popular legal education, ...
... more of the population; changes in internal procedures; reduction of some traditional ills; and greater political presence.11 Nonetheless, as a whole, Latin American judicial systems seem no closer to meeting citizen expectations.
On the Latin American side, the reforms drew on a longer-standing interest in adopting more accusatory procedures, which the. 20. Jolowicz (2000, 319). 21. Here there is also a tendency to conflate independence with other values such as ...
a longer-standing interest in adopting more accusatory procedures, which the proponents believed were more respectful of due process rights than the existing inquisitorial systems.25 Allowing for variations of detail, the traditional ...
... given a push in that country and now represent another regional model.45 Other countries have followed suit, if on a less expansive scale. Except in Brazil's small claims courts, the creation of simplified procedures has not been ...
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Envisioning Reform: Improving Judicial Performance in Latin America
Limited preview - 2010