Envisioning Reform: Conceptual and Practical Obstacles to Improving Judicial Performance in Latin America
Judicial reform became an important part of the agenda for development in Latin America early in the 1980s, when countries in the region started the process of democratization. Connections began to be made between judicial performance and market-based growth, and development specialists turned their attention to “second generation” institutional reforms. Although considerable progress has been made already in strengthening the judiciary and its supporting infrastructure (police, prosecutors, public defense counsel, the private bar, law schools, and the like), much remains to be done.
Linn Hammergren’s book aims to turn the spotlight on the problems in the movement toward judicial reform in Latin America over the past two decades and to suggest ways to keep the movement on track toward achieving its multiple, though often conflicting, goals. After Part I’s overview of the reform movement’s history since the 1980s, Part II examines five approaches that have been taken to judicial reform, tracing their intellectual origins, historical and strategic development, the roles of local and international participants, and their relative success in producing positive change. Part III builds on this evaluation of the five partial approaches by offering a synthetic critique aimed at showing how to turn approaches into strategies, how to ensure they are based on experiential knowledge, and how to unite separate lines of action.
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... more of the population; changes in internal procedures; reduction of some traditional ills; and greater political presence.11 Nonetheless, as a whole, Latin American judicial systems seem no closer to meeting citizen expectations.
Efficiency-enhancement mechanisms have in some cases posed new barriers to poor users, as demonstrated by a marked reduction in annual filings in several countries.17 The list goes on, but the more general point is that the onceorphan ...
... reduce politicization of the appointment process, and increase the professional quality of judges and other officials and staff and to augment the general efficiency of courtroom and systemwide administration.31 Local reformers were ...
Most funds go to a construction proand secondarily to computer purchases, although the major justification is delay reduction. Another program with an Argentine provincial court is also financing a new courthouse.
Among the donors, the idb has taken a special interest in adr and also added its own twist to the goals—the reduction of civil violence. Whereas donors began by funding extrajudicial programs, often with ngos, court interest in having ...
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Envisioning Reform: Improving Judicial Performance in Latin America
Limited preview - 2010