Envisioning Reform: Conceptual and Practical Obstacles to Improving Judicial Performance in Latin America
Judicial reform became an important part of the agenda for development in Latin America early in the 1980s, when countries in the region started the process of democratization. Connections began to be made between judicial performance and market-based growth, and development specialists turned their attention to “second generation” institutional reforms. Although considerable progress has been made already in strengthening the judiciary and its supporting infrastructure (police, prosecutors, public defense counsel, the private bar, law schools, and the like), much remains to be done.
Linn Hammergren’s book aims to turn the spotlight on the problems in the movement toward judicial reform in Latin America over the past two decades and to suggest ways to keep the movement on track toward achieving its multiple, though often conflicting, goals. After Part I’s overview of the reform movement’s history since the 1980s, Part II examines five approaches that have been taken to judicial reform, tracing their intellectual origins, historical and strategic development, the roles of local and international participants, and their relative success in producing positive change. Part III builds on this evaluation of the five partial approaches by offering a synthetic critique aimed at showing how to turn approaches into strategies, how to ensure they are based on experiential knowledge, and how to unite separate lines of action.
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... and Other Unlikely Bedfellows 27 2 Judicial Modernization: Increasing the Efficiency and Efficacy of Court Actions 55 3 Developing a Professional, Institutionally Independent Judiciary 97 4 Access to Justice: Legal Assistance, ...
... make them more efficient, effective, and accessible while enhancing their role in checking illegal actions by governmental and private actors.6 “Strengthening,” a favorite word of reformers, meant increasing judicial independence, ...
A reform intended to increase courts' efficiency in processing cases may introduce elements not completely in line with an access-enhancement strategy or one augmenting the judiciary's ability to check governmental abuses.
Toharia (2003, 29) reports citizens' belief in court efficiency is only 33 percent in the United Kingdom, 14 percent in France, and 8 percent in Italy. Still, citizens in Finland, Denmark, and Austria have a largely positive view of ...
Efficiency-enhancement mechanisms have in some cases posed new barriers to poor users, as demonstrated by a marked reduction in annual filings in several countries.17 The list goes on, but the more general point is that the onceorphan ...
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Envisioning Reform: Improving Judicial Performance in Latin America
Limited preview - 2010