Envisioning Reform: Conceptual and Practical Obstacles to Improving Judicial Performance in Latin America
Judicial reform became an important part of the agenda for development in Latin America early in the 1980s, when countries in the region started the process of democratization. Connections began to be made between judicial performance and market-based growth, and development specialists turned their attention to “second generation” institutional reforms. Although considerable progress has been made already in strengthening the judiciary and its supporting infrastructure (police, prosecutors, public defense counsel, the private bar, law schools, and the like), much remains to be done.
Linn Hammergren’s book aims to turn the spotlight on the problems in the movement toward judicial reform in Latin America over the past two decades and to suggest ways to keep the movement on track toward achieving its multiple, though often conflicting, goals. After Part I’s overview of the reform movement’s history since the 1980s, Part II examines five approaches that have been taken to judicial reform, tracing their intellectual origins, historical and strategic development, the roles of local and international participants, and their relative success in producing positive change. Part III builds on this evaluation of the five partial approaches by offering a synthetic critique aimed at showing how to turn approaches into strategies, how to ensure they are based on experiential knowledge, and how to unite separate lines of action.
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Well-functioning judicial systems are supposed to control government abuses and protect basic human and civil rights; create an environment that fosters the development of market-based economies; deter crime and civil violence; ...
U.S. support began in Central America at the end of the various civil conflicts in that region. The first project was in El Salvador, where the murder of four U.S. religious workers was a special interest for the U.S. Government.
The initial response was to focus on civil and commercial law, which was believed most relevant to the economic mandate.34 Timing was also critical. Donors had extended their programs to the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, ...
For example, Freedom House's survey for 2005, gives Singapore a ranking of 5 (7 is worst) and 4 on political rights and civil rights, respectively (Piano and Puddington 2005, 123). Two of the World Bank's tools for measuring judicial ...
Among the donors, the idb has taken a special interest in adr and also added its own twist to the goals—the reduction of civil violence. Whereas donors began by funding extrajudicial programs, often with ngos, court interest in having ...
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Envisioning Reform: Improving Judicial Performance in Latin America
Limited preview - 2010