Envisioning Reform: Conceptual and Practical Obstacles to Improving Judicial Performance in Latin America
Judicial reform became an important part of the agenda for development in Latin America early in the 1980s, when countries in the region started the process of democratization. Connections began to be made between judicial performance and market-based growth, and development specialists turned their attention to “second generation” institutional reforms. Although considerable progress has been made already in strengthening the judiciary and its supporting infrastructure (police, prosecutors, public defense counsel, the private bar, law schools, and the like), much remains to be done.
Linn Hammergren’s book aims to turn the spotlight on the problems in the movement toward judicial reform in Latin America over the past two decades and to suggest ways to keep the movement on track toward achieving its multiple, though often conflicting, goals. After Part I’s overview of the reform movement’s history since the 1980s, Part II examines five approaches that have been taken to judicial reform, tracing their intellectual origins, historical and strategic development, the roles of local and international participants, and their relative success in producing positive change. Part III builds on this evaluation of the five partial approaches by offering a synthetic critique aimed at showing how to turn approaches into strategies, how to ensure they are based on experiential knowledge, and how to unite separate lines of action.
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... Training programs, • Introduction of monitoring, evaluation systems, • Judicial disciplinary systems, • Judicial ethics codes and citizen complaint services, • Strengthening of auxiliary institutions (police, prosecution, ...
Over time, public opinion polls show no great improvement in citizen appreciations of the quantity or quality of ... When Alberto Fujimori staged his auto-golpe in 1992, more than 90 percent of citizens supported his closure of the ...
In conducting survey research on attitudes toward citizen security, his team found that inhabitants of London felt more threatened by crime than those in Caracas. As the researchers knew both cities, they found the results odd.
Probably, it took a turn to noncriminal justice to create an interest in the positive service aspects of judicial output and the fact that for many citizens they were beyond reach. Both judiciaries and donors encountered additional ...
... for making complaints, the creation of specialized bodies (human rights ombudsmen, or, as in Brazil, special prosecutors52) that could represent citizen claims, and a growing interest among legal ngos in public-interest law.
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Envisioning Reform: Improving Judicial Performance in Latin America
Limited preview - 2010