Envisioning Reform: Conceptual and Practical Obstacles to Improving Judicial Performance in Latin America
Judicial reform became an important part of the agenda for development in Latin America early in the 1980s, when countries in the region started the process of democratization. Connections began to be made between judicial performance and market-based growth, and development specialists turned their attention to “second generation” institutional reforms. Although considerable progress has been made already in strengthening the judiciary and its supporting infrastructure (police, prosecutors, public defense counsel, the private bar, law schools, and the like), much remains to be done.
Linn Hammergren’s book aims to turn the spotlight on the problems in the movement toward judicial reform in Latin America over the past two decades and to suggest ways to keep the movement on track toward achieving its multiple, though often conflicting, goals. After Part I’s overview of the reform movement’s history since the 1980s, Part II examines five approaches that have been taken to judicial reform, tracing their intellectual origins, historical and strategic development, the roles of local and international participants, and their relative success in producing positive change. Part III builds on this evaluation of the five partial approaches by offering a synthetic critique aimed at showing how to turn approaches into strategies, how to ensure they are based on experiential knowledge, and how to unite separate lines of action.
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They should not divert attention from what two decades of efforts have achieved, the substantial changes produced in the sector's resources, composition, and activities. The appearance of Latin American judiciaries and other sector ...
Argentina's experience has recently received attention because of difficulties it posed in reaching an agreement with the imf in January, 2002. When judges at all levels consistently overruled the government's emergency economic ...
... and public information campaigns.30 Greater familiarity with the sector's weaknesses in general and as they affected the transition to the new systems eventually turned attention to some other elements: measures to strengthen ...
Among their suggested solutions was increased attention to improving the quality of institutions (also called “second-generation reforms), including those of the justice sector. 38. See Kaufmann et al. (1999, 2002), LaPorta and ...
A second area also receiving more attention in recent years is that of constitutional and legal controls, or the judiciary's checks and balance function. This has been largely an internal initiative and has received little funding from ...
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Envisioning Reform: Improving Judicial Performance in Latin America
Limited preview - 2010