Envisioning Reform: Conceptual and Practical Obstacles to Improving Judicial Performance in Latin America
Judicial reform became an important part of the agenda for development in Latin America early in the 1980s, when countries in the region started the process of democratization. Connections began to be made between judicial performance and market-based growth, and development specialists turned their attention to “second generation” institutional reforms. Although considerable progress has been made already in strengthening the judiciary and its supporting infrastructure (police, prosecutors, public defense counsel, the private bar, law schools, and the like), much remains to be done.
Linn Hammergren’s book aims to turn the spotlight on the problems in the movement toward judicial reform in Latin America over the past two decades and to suggest ways to keep the movement on track toward achieving its multiple, though often conflicting, goals. After Part I’s overview of the reform movement’s history since the 1980s, Part II examines five approaches that have been taken to judicial reform, tracing their intellectual origins, historical and strategic development, the roles of local and international participants, and their relative success in producing positive change. Part III builds on this evaluation of the five partial approaches by offering a synthetic critique aimed at showing how to turn approaches into strategies, how to ensure they are based on experiential knowledge, and how to unite separate lines of action.
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As for my two principal employers, the U.S. Agency for International Development and the World Bank, I should recognize that, wittingly or not, they provided the opportunity for a twenty-year education on the theme but that they are not ...
Critics often speak of the U.S. government as a single agency, overlooking the different, and often conflicting roles of usaid, the Department of Justice, the State Department, and the Drug Enforcement Agency, to name just a few of the ...
See Blair and Hansen (1994) for an official agency statement, heralding the shift to access goals and a downgrading of institutional strengthening (called “capacity building”). 7. A series of country studies conducted by Florida ...
... of small claims and other courts for poor populations, • Integration of administrative court systems into the ordinary judiciary, • Creation of independent regulatory agencies with adjudicative powers, outside 4 introduction.
Creation of independent regulatory agencies with adjudicative powers, outside of the ordinary court system, and • Dejudicialization of some issues traditionally seen by the courts. This is only a partial, illustrative list, ...
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Envisioning Reform: Improving Judicial Performance in Latin America
Limited preview - 2010