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31 For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and sliall

be joined unto his wife, and they two shall be one flesh. 32 This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the

church. 33 Nevertheless, let every one of you, in particular, so love his

wife, even as himself; and the wife see that she reverenne her husband.

PARAPHRASE. 91 his flesh, and of his bones. For this cause shall a man

leave his father and his mother, and shall be joined unto 32 his wife, and they two shall be one flesh. These words 33 contain a very mystical sense in them', I meau in refer

ence to Christ and the church. But laying that aside, their literal sense lays hold on you, and therefore do you husbands, every one of you in particular, so love his wife, as his own self, and let the wife reverence her hus

NOTES. 80 and 31 - These two verses may seem to stand here disorderly, so as to disturb the connexion, and make the inference disjointed, and very loose, and inconsistent to any one, who more minds the order and grammatical construction of St. Paul's words, written down, than the thoughts that possessed his mind, when he was writing. It is plain the apostle had hese two things in view; the one was, to press men to love their wives, by the example of Christ's love to his church; and the force of that argument lay in this, that a man and his wife were one flesh, as Christ and his church were que : but this latter, being a truth of the greater consequence of the two, he was as intent on settling that upon their minds, though it were but an incident, as the other which was the argument he was upon; and therefore, having said, ver. 29, that every one nourisheth and cherisheth his own Aesh, as Christ deth the • church,” it was natural to subjoin the reason there, viz. because “ we are “ members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones:” a proposition he took as much care to have believed, as that it was the duty of husbands to love their wives; which doctrine, of Christ and the church being one, when he had so strongly asserted, in the words of Adam concerning Eve, Gen. ii. 23, which he, in his concise way of expressing himself, understands both of the wife and of the church, he goes on with the words in Gen. ii. 24, wbich makes their being one fe th the reason why a man was more strictly to be united to his wife, than to his parents, or any other relation.

32 / It is plain, by ver. 33, here, and the application therein of these words, Gen. ii. 23, to Christ and the church, that the apostles understood several pase sages in the Old Testament, in reference to Christ and the gospel, which evangelical, or spiritual, sense was not understood, until, by the assistance of the Spirit of God, the apostles so explained and revealed it. This is that, which St. Paul, as we see he does Lere, calls mystery. He that has a mind to have a true notion of this matter, let liim carefully read 1 Cor. i. wiere St. Paul very particularly explains this matter,


VI. 1 Children, obey your parents in the Lord: for this is right. 2 Honour thy father and mother, (which is the first commandment

with promise) 3 That it may be well with thee, and thou mayest live long on the

earth. 4 And ye, fathers, provoke not your children to wrath : but bring

them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord. 5 Servants, be obedient to them that are your masters, according to

the flesh, with fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart, as

unto Christ : 6 Not with eye-service, as men-pleasers; but as the servants of

Christ, doing the will of God from the heart; 7 With good-will doing service, as to the Lord, and not to men: 8 Knowing that whatsoever good thing any man doth, the same shall

he receive of the Lord, whether he be bond or free. 9 And ye masters, do the same things unto them, forbearing threat.

PARAPHRASE. VI. 1. band. Children, obey your parents, performing it as

required thereunto by our Lord Jesus Christ; for this is 2 right and conformable to that command, Honour thy fa

ther and mother, (which is the first command with pro3 mise) That it may be well with thee, and thou mayest be 4 long-lived upon the earth. And on the other side, ye

fathers, do not, by the austerity of your carriage, despise and discontent your children, but bring them up, under

such a method of discipline, and give them such instruc5 tion, as is suitable to the gospel. Ye that are bondmen,

be obedient to those who are your masters, according to the constitution of human affairs, with great respect and

subjection, and with that sincerity of heart which should 6 be used to Christ himself: Not with service only in those

outward actions, that come under their observation; aiming at no more but the pleasing of men; but, as the ser

vants of Christ, doing what God requires of 7 your very hearts; In this with good-will paying your duty 8 to the Lord, and not unto men: Knowing that whatso

ever good thing any one doth to another, he shall be con

sidered and rewarded for it by God, whether he be bond 9 or free. And ye masters, have the like regard and rea.

you, from

TEXT. ning: knowing that your Master also is in heaven, neither is there respect of persons with him.

PARAPHRASE. diness to do good to your bond-slaves, forbearing the roughness even of unnecessary menaces, knowing that even you yourselves have a Master in heaven above, who will call you, as well as them, to an impartial account for your carriage one to another, for he is no respecter of persons.


CHAP. VI. 10-90.


He concludes this epistle, with a general exhortation to them, to stand firm against the temptations of the devil, in the exercise of christian virtues and graces, which he proposes to them, as so many pieces of christian armour fit to arm them cap-a-pee, and preserve them in the conflict.

TEXT. 10 Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in the power

of his might. 11 Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand

against the wiles of the devil. 12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against princi

PARAPHRASE. 10 Finally, my brethren, go on resolutely in the profession

of the gospel, in reliance upon that power, and in the

exercise of that strength, which is ready for your sup11 port, in Jesus Christ; Putting on the whole armour of

God, that ye may be able to resist all the attacks of the 12 devil: For our conflict is not barely with men, but with

TEXT. palities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this

world, against spiritual wickedness in high places. 13 Wherefore, take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye

may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all,

to stand. 14 Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and

having on the breast-plate of righteousness; 15 And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of

peace; 16 Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be ablo

to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked. 17 And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the spirit,

which is the word of God: 18 Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the spirit, and


principalities, and with powers", with the rulers of the darkness, that is in men, in the present constitution of

the world, and the spiritual managers of the opposition 13 to the kingdom of God. Wherefore, take unto your

selves the whole armour of God, that you may be able to make resistance in the evil day, when you shall be

attacked, and, having acquitted yourselves in every thing 14 as you ought, to stand and keep your ground : Stand

fast, therefore, having your loins girt with truth; and 15 having on the breast-place of righteousness; And

your feet shod with a readiness to walk in the way of the gos

you have well studied and consi16 dered.. Above all taking the shield of faith, wherein

you may receive, and so render ineffectual all the fiery 17 darts of the wicked one, i.e. the devil. Take also the

hopes of salvation for an helmet; and the sword of the 18 spirit

, which is the word of Godo: Praying, at all sea

pel of

peace, which

NOTES. 12 a “ Principalities and powers" are put here, it is visible, for those revolted angels, which stood in opposition to the kingdom of God.

17 b In this foregoing allegory, St. Paul providing armour for his christian soldier, to arm him at all points, there is no need curiously to explain, wherein the peculiar correspondence between those virtues and those pieces of armour, consisted, it being plain enough, what the apostle means, and wherewith he would bave believers be armed for their warfare.

TEXT. watching thereunto, with all perseverance, and supplication, for

all saints; 19 And for me, that utterance may be given unto me, that I may

open my mouth boldly, to make known the mystery of the

gospel: eo For which I am an ambassador in bonds: that therein I

may speak boldly, as I ought to speak.

PARAPHRASE. sons, with all prayer and supplication in the spirit, at

tending and watching hereunto, with all perseverance, 19 and supplication, for all the saints; And for me, in par

ticular, that I may, with freedom and plainness of speech, preach the word, to the manifesting and laying open that part of the gospel, that concerns the calling of the gen

tiles, which has hitherto, as a mystery, lain concealed, 20 and not been at all understood. But I, as an ambas

sador, am sent to make known to the world, and am now in prison, upon that very account: but let your prayers be, that, in the discharge of this my commission, I may speak plainly and boldly, as an ambassador from God ought to speak.


CHAP. VI. 21-24.


TEXT. 21 But that ye also may know my affairs, and how I do, Tychicus,

a beloved brother and faithful minister in the Lord, shall make known to you all things.

PARAPHRASE. 21 Tychicus, a beloved brother, and faithful minister of the

Lord, in the work of the gospel, shall acquaint how


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